1. Union Public Service Commission
The first Public Service Commission was set up on 1st Oct 1926 for the recruitment into its territory. After independence the need was felt to set up an independent organisation for the recruitment into Government services. On 26th Jan 1950 the federal Public Service Commission was given a constitutional status as an autonomous entity and given the title – Union Public Service Commission. This has been established under the article 315 of the constitution of India. Its main duties are recruitment to services and posts under the Union and the Central Government through conduct of competitive examinations and interviews. Please visit : http://upsc.gov.in
2. Civil Services Examination
Under the constitution one of the functions of the Commission is to conduct examinations for appointment to Civil Services/Posts of the Union. It conducts their examinations spread over 42 regular centres throughout the country. The Civil Services examination is a single and combined examination for recruitment to Indian Administrative Services (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS) and the other higher Central Services (i.e. group A and group B).
Plan of examination
The exam is conducted at two stages, Preliminary and Main Exams. The notification for preliminary comes in the month of Nov. –Dec and it is conducted during May of the next year. It consists of two papers of General Studies 200 marks each. Civil services Main written examination is conducted during October-November. There are total nine papers including Indian language, English, essay, two papers of General studies and two papers of first optional subject and two papers of second optional subject. Total marks are 2000, Interview test is of 300 marks. Candidates have the option to answer all the question papers, except the language papers, viz, Paper-I and Paper-II, in any one of the languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution or in English.
In addition to Civil Services Examination UPSC also conduct examinations for entry to certain Defence Services, through the National Defence Academy, Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air force Academy and the Officers Training Academy. National Defence Academy (NDA) Entrance Exam is held twice a year, generally in the month of April and September. A candidate must be an unmarried male. The course of training is for three years. NDA awards a Bachelor‘s degree in Arts, Science or Computer Science on completion of one‘s training, besides these examination Commission also conducts over a dozen examinations every year on all India basis, these include Examinations for recruitment to services/posts in various fields such as Engineering, Medical and Forest Service etc. Please visit : http://upsc.gov.in
3. Staff Selection Commission
The Staff Selection Commission is an independent body of recruitment of large number of workforce required by the various government departments. It conducts open examinations regularly for posts for which large number of vacancies from various departments exist, these are : (i) Graduate Level- Assistants, Auditors/Jr .Accountants/Upper Division Clerks, Divisional Accountants, Inspectors of Income Tax/Central Excise, Sub Inspectors in Central Police Organizations (CRPF, BSF, CISF, ITBP and SSB) and the CBI, Section Officer (Commercial) and Section Officer (Audit). Matric Level- Stenographer Grade `C`, Stenographer Grade `D`, and Lower Division Clerks. (ii) Direct interviews are held for some posts, called Selection Posts, after inviting applications through advertisements, as and when such vacancies are reported to the Commission. Some of such posts are Statistical Assistant, Store Keeper, Jr/Sr. Computers, Information Assistant, etc.
Scheme of examinations conducted by the Staff Selection Commission.
The Staff Selection Commission conducts Combined (Graduate Level) Examinations every year for various posts the qualification for which is graduation, and Combined (Matric Level) Examinations for posts requiring matriculation or High School. Those candidates who qualify in the prelims are required to appear for the Mains. Followed by an Interview (as specified). Those qualifying in the Matric Level Main Exam are required to pass a Skill test (typing or stenography). For some exams such as the Section Officers, Investigators etc. no prelims are held.
The age limits are different for different posts and they are to be confirmed from the Notice of exam published in the Employment News / Rozgar Samachar. Generally, the age limits are 18 to 27 years on the crucial date. There is a upper age concession for SCs/ STs up to 5 years, for OBCs it is 3 years and for physically handicapped candidates it is 10 years. For widows, divorced women and judicially separated women, the age limit is 35 years for UR category; 40 years for SC/ST women and 38 years for OBC women. Please visit : https://ssc.nic.in/
4. State Public Service Commission
Each state has its own public service commission with functions similar to the UPSC. The major function of state public service commission is to conduct examinations and recruitments for appointments to the services of state including Civil services and others. Through state service commission the candidates are selected for the following categories viz,
All these services belongs to the middle level administration, After gaining experience of certain years, the officer of the SCS and SPs may expect to be nominated to the IAS and IPS respectively, with some antedate seniority.
For appearing these examination, candidate must be graduate, and his/her age must be 21 years and the upper age limit ranges from 32 to 40 years, varying from state to state, there is also relaxation of upper age limit to candidates belonging to Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, Ex-servicemen, physically challenged etc.
The pattern of the state Civil services examination is similar to the Civil Services Examination conducted by the UPSC, However some of the smaller states having smaller number of vacancies do not conduct preliminary examination where preliminary examinations are held it in followed by Main examination is followed by interview. Please visit : https://www.india.gov.in
5. Bank and Insurance Examinations.
There are mainly three types of Banks in our country; they are Nationalized banks, Co-operative Banks and Private banks. with the development in Indian Economy banking sector is growing day by day, in near future the growth in this sector will increase the employment opportunity. . The Banking Industry is recruiting in a big way. In the next five years , banks will have to recruit almost 7.5 lakh people Generally, the bank examinations are of the following types :
(A) Common Written Examination (CWE) conducted by the Institute of Banking Personnel Selection (IBPS) as a prerequisite for the selection of personnel for Probationary Officer / Management Trainee / Clerk / Specialist Officer posts in 19 Public Sector banks.
(B) Exams conducted by SBI and SBI Associate banks for recruitment to the posts of Clerks and officers.
(C) Exam conducted by Private Sector banks for recruitment to the posts of Clerks and officers
(D) Exams conducted by Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) and Cooperative banks for recruitment to the posts of Clerks and officers.
Except for SBI, almost all the major Public Sector Banks are participating in the CWE. The 19 banks which are participating in the CWE are Allahabad Bank, Andhra Bank, Bank of Baroda, Bank of India, Bank of Maharashtra, Canara Bank, Central Bank of India, Corporation Bank, Dena Bank, Indian Bank, Indian Overseas Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Punjab National Bank, Punjab & Sind Bank, Syndicate Bank, Union Bank of India, United Bank of India, UCO Bank and Vijaya Bank.
The Common Written Examination will be conducted 5 times in a year, twice for Probationary Officer/ Management Trainee, twice for Clerical Cadre posts and once for Specialist officer posts.
Private sector and co-operative banks conduct their own exams.The major recruiters in private sector include the ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, Axis Bank, Federal Bank, Centurion Bank of Punjab, Indusind Bank, Kotak Mahindra Bank, Yes Bank, ING Vysya Bank, Bank of Rajasthan, KarurVysya Bank, Karnataka Bank, Jammu & Kashmir Bank, South Indian Bank, Bharat Overseas Bank, etc. Please visit : http://www.ibps.in/career/
In India, by and large, Insurance was under Government Undertaking till the recent years, but after the opening of Indian Market, now-a-days many of the multinational Insurance companies have come to offer more job opportunities in the insurance sector in India. But still the major Indian Government undertaking Insurance Enterprises namely LIC (Life Insurance Corporation), GIC (General Insurance Corporation) and Postal Life Insurance are always in the top place in recruiting the candidates for the placements by giving secured job to its Competitive Exams. People prefer to serve in these Establishments in large number.
In the three major Insurance Companies of Indian Government i.e. Life Insurance, General Insurance and Postal Insurance, following positions are recruited every year basis:
Following are some of the important examinations for entry of the jobs into insurance sector
6. National and State Eligibility Test (NET/SET)
National Eligibility Test (NET) was introduced by the University Grants Commission for bringing Uniformity in the qualification of college teachers and research students. The first National Eligibility Test (NET) was conducted by University Grants commission in December 1989 and in March 1990 commonly to both Lectureship and Junior Research fellowship in two parts.
National Eligibility Test is generally conducted twice a year in the month of June and December. The UGC-CSIR NET for the science subjects such as Life sciences, Physical sciences, Chemical sciences, Mathematical sciences and Earth, Atmospheric, Ocean and planetary sciences are conducted by Council of scientific and industrial Research (CSIR) jointly with UGC. The notification for the same will be issued separately by Council of scientific and industrial Research (CSIR).
The eligibility criteria for these exams is a candidate must have a master‘s degree with minimum 55%. The scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes/ Physically handicapped(PH) who have secured at least 50% in Master‘s degree examination are eligible for this test.
There are three papers, Paper I is common for all subjects. The questions are objective based with multiple options. Paper II and Paper III is subject based.
The same pattern is followed in the State Eligibility Test.
7. Common Admission Test
The Indian Institute of Management (IIM) started these (CAT) exams for selecting the candidates for their business administration programs. One of the IIMs conducts this exam every year by rotation. According to Asian Survey of examinations CAT is rated as the third toughest test in Asia, after UPSCs Indian engineering services at first and IIT-JEE at the second spot. Some of the other institutes like Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and Indian Institute of Science would also use Cat as process of their selection of candidates for their management programs from the 2012-2013. Passing in the CAT merely short listing the candidates for the second stage of selection which includes written ability test (WAT), Group discussion and personal interviews.. CAT is normally conducted every year during a 20 day testing window in the month of October and November. The test score is valid for admission to the forthcoming academic year only. The current online test has two separate sections, each consisting 40 questions for which 70 minutes time is given for each section. These two sections are :
The candidate must hold a Bachelor‘s degree with at least 50% marks or equivalent CGPA. However for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) it is 45%. The SAT is a standardized test for college admission in the United States. The SAT is owned, published and developed by the College Board organization of United States. It was first introduced in 1926, first it was called as Scholarship Aptitude test, then it was called as Scholarship Assessment test. It evaluates mainly verbal and writing skills needed for academic success in a college. It also measures analytical and problem solving skills of a candidate. The test contains 3 hours and 45 minutes of actual timed section, including breaks and other like orientation, distribution of material etc it may take four and half hours. There are different levels of questions including easy, medium and hard level. Easier questions appear at the beginning and harder questions appear at the end of the examinations.